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Plant A Natural Hedge For Berries, Nuts, And Wildlife
A natural hedge is a great way to support wildlife in your garden.
It provides habitat and food for beneficial insects, birds, hedgehogs, lizards and more. All these creatures help to achieve a natural balance in the ecosystem.They only wait to help themselves on caterpillars, slugs, greenflies or mice.
As a result, you will encounter fewer problems with pests and diseases in your garden.
Apart from that, it can produce edible berries, nuts and other useful products like timber and fencing material.
Find A Suitable Spot For A Berry Hedge
A natural berry hedge is particularly suited for boundaries on larger
gardens and properties. But even in smaller gardens they can be useful
and replace a conventional one species trimmed hedge. You will have to
just choose shrubs that will stay smaller and more manageable.
hedges need less maintenance and care than a conventional hedge because
they don't have to be trimmed regularly. The shrubs can be coppiced or
thinned every 4-6 years if necessary.
A well-grown berry hedge will provide shelter from the wind and will
help to create a microclimate. They can also function as a privacy
10 Shrubs For A Natural Hedge
Here are 10 shrubs that are suitable for a natural wildlife hedge:
Juneberry - Amelanchier lamarckii
- multi-stemmed large shrub up to 12-15 ft height
- white flowers in spring
- blue, edible berries during the summer
- nice autumn color
Sea Buckthorn - Hippophae rhamnoides
- deciduous shrub up to 20 ft high
- silvery foliage
- orange berries full of Vitamin C and antioxidants
- nitrogen fixer
- male and female plants, both are needed for berry production
- choose named cultivars for best results
Wild Roses - Rosa rugosa
- suckering, thorny bush up to 6 ft high
- pink or white scented flowers all summer
- edible orange-red rose hips are also loved by birds
Black Chokeberry - Aronia melanocarpa
Hazelnut, Filberts - Corylus sp.
- deciduous, bushy large shrubs
- produces edible nuts
- wood can be used for e.g. fences
- offers pollen and habitat for wildlife
Gooseberries - Ribes uva-crispa
- deciduous, thorny shrub 3-5 ft high
- green or reddish, juicy berries (depending on the variety you choose)
- suitable for smaller hedges
- great fruit for jams, tarts, and eating fresh
Cornelian Cherry, Dogwood - Cornus mas
- deciduous shrub up to 20 ft high
- flowers are an early nectar source for bees
- choose named cultivar if you are interested in the edible berries
- good wood for tool handles
Elderberry - Sambucus nigra
- large deciduous shrub up to 20 ft
- edible flowers and fruit
- great for wildlife, especially birds, and insects
Raspberries, Blackberries - Rubus
Blueberry - Vaccinium sp.
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